Continue reading to learn more about the most common skincare terms that you will run across on your quest for the perfect products.
Broad-spectrum SunscreenWhen looking for the right sunscreen, you’ll want to go with a broad-spectrum one, which is what the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends. Broad-spectrum simply means that it blocks out both types of rays from the sun: Ultraviolet A (UVA) and Ultraviolet B (UVB). UVA rays have a long wavelength and are responsible for skin aging while UVB rays have short wavelength that are responsible for skin burning. Both types of rays are harmful and are capable of damaging the DNA in skin cells, leading to skin cancer.
Cleansers and toners
What is the difference between a toner and a cleanser, and why are they a vital part of a good skincare routine? As the name suggests, a cleanser cleanses or cleans the skin of any dirt, oils, or bacteria that reside on the skin throughout the day. It’s important to cleanse the skin to rid it of harmful agents that block up the pores and cause acne. Toners, on the other hand, help the skin balance out pH levels so that it doesn’t dry out or become too oily. A cleanser should always be used before a toner for the best results.
Moisturizers and serums
When searching for skincare solutions, you will almost certainly come across products being referred to as either a moisturizer or a serum. As the name suggests, moisturizers are agents that hydrate and moisturize the skin as well as prevent water loss. Serums, on the other hand, usually have a lighter and thinner (less viscous) consistency and texture. Serums have a variety of effects and are meant to penetrate the skin more deeply than moisturizers. When orchestrating your skincare routine, you will want to use a serum after cleansers and toners but before moisturizers.